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Addingham’s  Environment

Addingham’s Natural Environment

The Daniel Palmer Nature Reserve

at Marchup Ghyll, Silsden Road, Addingham

From Rubbish Tip to Nature Reserve


In 1998 Daniel Palmer had the vision to turn the former rubbish and ash tip at Marchup Ghyll into a place that both nature and village residents could enjoy. The site needed to be cleared of all the rubbish and some interesting old pot bottles, pots and glass were found.


Unfortunately work on the nature reserve had to be suspended in 2001 due to the outbreak of foot and mouth disease. Work recommenced in 2002 involving sealing the surface of the ash with 20,000 tons of clay sub-soil, followed by 2000 tons of top-soil. Once the site was levelled in 2003 the clearing of stones in preparation for the sowing of seeds began. This consisted of grass seed as well as a selection of wildflowers.


November 2003 was the big event as 1,500 trees needed to be planted, achieved with a call for help for volunteers including the primary school children who helped in creating the top wood and bottom wood. Once the trees were planted the path was formed enabling visitors to walk round and through the top wood as well as down to the stream. In 2004 the Nature Reserve was officially opened. The wildflowers were in full bloom. It didn’t take long for wildlife to visit their new home and, with the placement of nest boxes, birds were attracted to the new environment.


Daniel worked tirelessly to create this Nature Reserve with the help of family and a few friends. Sadly in 2008 Daniel suffered a severe stroke which left him wheelchair bound. However this did not stop him from visiting the Reserve to make sure all was in order and to let his family know what needed to be done. With the support of the Parish Council and Addingham Garden Friends, Daniel’s family continue to manage and maintain the Nature Reserve, striving to enhance the site which Daniel so passionately created.


Today, almost twenty years after Daniel’s first idea the Reserve is beginning to mature, wildflowers have become well-established and the trees are growing well. In 2016 some trees were coppiced and log piles were created for wildlife.


Wendy Palmer, Natalie Smith and Greg Palmer



The Early Years of the Reserve

Common Name
Scietific Name
Type
Alder - Common
Alnus glutinosa
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Alder Buckthorn
Frangula alnus
Shrub
*
*
Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Autumn Hawkbit
Leontodon autumnalis
*
*
Avens - Water
Geum rivale
*
*
*
Avens - Wood
Geum urbanum
*
*
*
Bedstraw - Heath
Galium saxatile
*
*
*
*
*
*
Bedstraw - Lady's
Gallium verum
*
*
*
*
*
*
Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Tree
*
*
*
*
Beech - Copper
Fagus sylvatica purpurea
Tree
*
*
*
*
Bent - Creeping
Agrostis stolonifera
Grass
*
*
*
*
Betony
Betonica officinalis
*
*
*
*
Bird Cherry
Prunus padus
Tree
*
Bittercress - Hairy
Cardamine hirsuta
*
*
*
Blackthorn
Prunus spinosus
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
*
Bluebell
Hyacinthoides non-scripta
Bulb
*
*
*
*
Bramble
Rubus fruticosus agg.
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
*
Brome - Wood
Bromus ramosus
*
*
Burdock - Lesser
Arcticum minus
*
*
*
*
*
Burnet - Greater
Sanguisorba officianalis
*
Buttercup - Bulbous
Ranunculus bulbosus
*
*
Buttercup - Creeping
Ranunculus repens
*
*
*
*
*
*
Buttercup - Meadow
Ranunculus acris
*
*
*
*
*
Campion - Red
Lychnis dioca
*
*
*
*
*
*
Campion - White
Melandrium album
*
*
Carrot - Wild
Daucus carota
*
*
*
*
*
*
Cats Tail
Phleum bertolonii
Grass
*
*
*
*
*
*
Cinquefoil - creeping
Potentilla reptans
*
*
*
Cleavers Goosegrass
Gallium aparine
*
*
*
*
*
*
Clover - Red
Trifolium dubium
*
*
*
*
*
*
Clover - White
Trifolium repens
*
*
*
*
*
*
Cocksfoot
Dactylus glomerata
Grass
*
*
*
*
Coltsfoot
Tussilago farfara
*
*
*
*
*
*
Columbine
Aquilegia vulgaris
*
*
Comfrey - Russian
Symphytum xuplandicum
*
*
*
Cornflower
Centaurea cyanus
*
Couch - Common
Elymus repens
Grass
*
*
Cow Parsley
Anthriscus sylvestris
*
*
*
Cowslip
Primula veris
*
*
*
*
*
*
Crane's Bill - French
Geranium endressii
*
*
*
*
Cranesbill - Cut Leaved
Geranium dissectum
*
Cranesbill - Dove's-Foot
Geranium molle
*
Cranesbill - Meadow
Geranium pratense
*
*
*
*
*
*
Cranesbill - Wood
Geranium sylvaticum
*
*
Daffodil - Wild
Narcissus psuedonarcissus
*
*
*
*
Daisy - Chamomile
Chamaemelum nobile
Daisy - Common
Bellis perennis
*
*
*
*
*
*
Daisy - Oxe Eye
Leucanthemum vulgare
*
*
*
*
*
*
Dames' Violet
Hesperis matronalis
*
Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
*
*
*
*
*
*
Dock - Broad Leaved
Rumex obtusifolius
*
*
*
*
*
*
Dock - Curled
Rumex crispus
*
*
*
Dog's Tail - Crested
Cynosurus cristatus
Grass
*
*
*
Dogwood - Common
Cornus sanguineum
Shrub
*
*
*
*
Dryopteris felix-mas
Male fern
Fern
*
*
*
Elder
Sambucus nigra
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
*
Enchanter's Nightshade
Circaea lutetiana
*
*
*
*
*
Fat Hen
Chenopodium album
*
*
*
*
*
Fescue -'Red
Festuca rubra
Grass
*
*
*
*
Field Maple
Acer campestre
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
Figwort
Scrohularia nodosa
*
*
*
*
*
*
Forget me not - Field
Myosotis arvense
*
*
*
*
*
*
Fox & Cubs
Hieracium auranticum
*
*
*
Foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
*
*
*
Foxtail - Meadow
Alopecurus pratensis
Grass
*
*
*
Giant Bellflower
Campanula latifolia
*
Great Bindweed
Calystegia sylvatica
*
*
*
*
*
*
Green Alkanet
Pentaglossis sempervirens
*
*
*
*
Ground Elder
Aegopodium podograria
*
Guelder Rose
Viburnum opulus
Shrub
*
*
*
*
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
*
*
Hawthorn
Crateagus monogyna
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hazel
Corylus avellana
Shrub
*
*
*
*
*
Hedge parsley- Upright
Torolis japonica
*
*
*
Herb Robert
Geranium robertianum
*
*
*
*
*
*
Hogweed
Heracleum spondylium
*
*
*
*
*
Holly
Ilex aquifolium
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Honeysuckle
Lonicera periclymenum
Climber
*
*
Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Tree
*
*
*
*
Horse Chestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Tree
*
*
*
*
Horsetail
Eqisetum arvense
*
*
*
*
*
Iris foetidus
Stinking Gladwyn
*
Ivy
Hedera helix
Climber
*
*
*
*
*
*
Knapweed - Black
Centaurea nigra
*
*
*
*
*
*
Lady's Mantle
Alchemilla filicaulis
*
*
*
*
*
*
Lady's Mantle
Alchemilla mollis
*
*
*
*
*
Lady's Smock
Cardamine pratensis
*
*
*
*
*
*
Meadow Grass
Poa pratensis
Grass
*
Meadow Grass - Annual
Poa annua
*
Meadow Pea/Vetchling
Lathyrus pratensis
*
*
*
*
Meadowsweet
Filipendula ulmaria
*
*
*
*
Melancholy Thistle
Cirsium heterophyllum
*
Montbretia
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
*
*
*
*
*
Mouse Ear - Common
Cerastium fontanum
*
*
*
*
*
*
Mullien - Common
Verbascum thrapsis
*
Musk Mallow - Pink
Malva moschata
*
*
Musk Mallow - White
Malva moschata alba
*
*
*
*
*
Nettle
Urtica dioca
*
*
*
*
*
*
Nipplewort
Lapsana communis
*
*
*
*
*
Oak - English
Quercus robur
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Oak - Pedunculate
Quercus pedunculata
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Perennial Ryegrass
Lolium perene
Grass
*
*
*
*
*
*
Pignut
Conopodium majus
*
Plantain - Broad leaved
Plantago major
*
*
*
*
*
*
Plantain - Ribwort
Plantago lanceolata
*
*
*
*
*
*
Primrose
Primula vulgaris
*
*
*
*
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
*
*
*
*
Purple Toadflax
Linaria purpurea
*
Ragged Robin
Lychnis flos-cuculi
*
*
*
*
*
*
Ragwort
Senecio jacobaea
*
*
*
*
*
*
Raspberry
Rubus idaeus
Shrub
*
*
*
*
Redleg
Polygonum persicaria
*
Rose - Dog
Rosa canina
Shrub
*
*
*
*
Rush - Hard
Juncus inflexus
Rush
*
*
*
*
Rush - Soft
Juncus effusus
Rush
*
*
Scabious - Devils Bit
Succisa pratensis
*
*
Scabious - Field
Knautia arvensis
*
*
*
*
Scentless Mayweed
Tripleurospermum maritimum
*
Sedge -
Carex sp.
*
Sedge - Drooping
Carex pendula
Sedge
*
*
*
*
*
*
Sedge - Glaucus
Carex flacca
*
Self Heal
Prunella vulgaris
*
*
*
*
*
*
Silver Birch
Betula pendula
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Snowdrop
Galanthus nivalis
Bulb
*
*
*
*
Sorrel - Common
Rumex acetosa
*
*
*
Sorrel - Wood
Oxalis acetosella
*
*
*
*
Sow Thistle - Blue
Cicerbiter macrophylla
*
Sow Thistle - Prickly
Sonchus asper
*
*
*
*
*
Spearmint
Mentha spicata
*
Speedwell - Germander
Veronica chamaedris
*
*
*
Speedwell - Thyme Leaved
Veronica serpylifolia
*
*
St John's Wort - Perforated
Hypericum perforatum
*
*
*
*
St John's Wort - Square Stalked
Hypericum tetrapterum
*
*
*
*
*
Stinking Gladwyn
Iris foetidus
*
*
*
*
Stitchwort - Lesser
Stellaria graminea
*
Strawbwrry - Wild
Fragaria vesca
*
*
*
Sweet Cicely
Myrrhis odorata
*
*
*
Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Teasel
Dipsacus fullonum
*
*
*
*
Thistle - Creeping
Cirsium arvense
*
*
*
*
*
*
Thistle - Marsh
Cirsium palustre
* ?
Thistle - Spear
Cirsium vulgare
*
*
*
*
*
*
Thistle - Welted
Carduus acanthoides
*
Timothy
Phleum pratense
Grass
*
*
*
*
Trefoil - Birdsfoot
Lotus corniculatus
*
*
*
*
*
*
Trefoil - Lesser
Trifolium dubium
*
*
*
*
Vetch - Bush
Vicia sepium
*
*
*
*
*
Violet - Dog
Viola riviniana
*
*
*
Walnut
Juglans nigra
Tree
*
*
*
*
Weld
Reseda luteola
*
Whitebeam
Sorbus aria
Tree
*
Willow - Goat
Salix caprea
Shrub/Tree
*
*
*
*
*
Willowherb - American
Epilobium adenocaulon
*
Willowherb - Broad Leaved
Epilobium montanum
*
*
*
Willowherb - Great
Epilobium hirsutum
*
*
*
*
*
*
Willowherb - Lesser
*
*
*
WillowHerb - Rose Bay
Chamerion augustifolium
*
*
*
*
*
*
Wintercress - Common
Barbarea vulgaris
* ?
Wood anenome
Anenome sylvestris
*
Wood Rush
Luzula pilosa
*
*
Woundwort - Hedge
Stachys sylvatica
*
*
*
*
*
*
Wych Elm
Ulmus glabra
Tree
*
*
*
*
*
*
Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
*
*
*
*
*
*
Yellow loosestrife
Lysimachia punctata
*
*
*
*
*
Yellow Rattle
Rhinanthus crista-galli
*
*
*
*
Yew
Taxus bacata
Shrub
*
*
*
*
Yorkshire Fog
Holcus lanatus
Grass
*
*
*
*
*
*

Nature Reserve Plant List:

The following slide show shows the early years of the nature reserve, starting with the site being dug over by bottle-collector Simon Haigh (with the agreement of the Parish Council) to remove the old bottles from the ash remaining from the original rubbish.